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Originating with the nomadic cultures of Tibet , China , Mongolia and Nepal , it is used by local tribes of Tibetans to protect sheep from wolves , leopards , bears , large mustelids , and tigers. However, in nomad camps and in villages, the 'Dogs-Khyi is traditionally allowed to run loose at night. This dog is known for its loyalty and has been used as a nomad dog for thousands of years.

The guardian type from which the modern Tibetan Mastiff breed has been derived was known across the ancient world by many names. Bhote Kukur in Nepali as bhote means someone from Tibet and kukur means dog. The term "mastiff" was assigned by the Europeans who first came to Tibet because it was used to refer to nearly all large dog breeds in the West.

Early Western visitors to Tibet misnamed several of its breeds: The " Tibetan Terrier " is not a terrier and the " Tibetan Spaniel " is not a spaniel. A better name for the breed might be the Tibetan Mountain Dog or, to encompass the landrace breed throughout its range, the Himalayan mountain dog.

Some breeders differentiate between two "types" of Tibetan Mastiff, the Do-khyi -gs is not pronounced in Lhasa Tibetan and the Tsang -khyi. The Tsang -khyi which, to a Tibetan, means only "dog from Tsang" is also referred to as the "monastery" type, described as generally taller, heavier, and more heavily boned, with more facial wrinkling and haw than the Do-khyi or "nomad" type.

The Mastiff - A Complete Anthology of the Breed

Both types are often produced in the same litter with the larger, heavier pups being placed in more stationary jobs versus more active jobs for the Tibetan Mastiffs that are better structured and well-muscled. The Tibetan Mastiff is considered a primitive breed. It typically retains the hardiness which would be required for it to survive in Tibet and the high-altitude Himalayan range, including the northern part of Nepal, India [3] and Bhutan. Instinctive behaviors including canine pack behavior contributed to the survival of the breed in harsh environments. It is one of the few primitive dog breeds that retains a single estrus per year instead of two, even at much lower altitudes and in much more temperate climates than its native climate.

This characteristic is also found in wild canids such as the wolf and other wild animals.

Tibetan Mastiff

Since its estrus usually takes place during late fall, most Tibetan Mastiff puppies are born between December and January. Its double coat is long, subject to climate, and found in a wide variety of colors, including solid black, black and tan, various shades of red from pale gold to deep red and bluish-gray dilute black , often with white markings. Some breeders are now as of marketing white Tibetan Mastiffs. These dogs are actually very pale gold, not truly white. Photoshop is often used to make dogs of normal color s appear white in advertisements.

The coat of a Tibetan Mastiff lacks the unpleasant big-dog smell that affects many large breeds. The coat, whatever its length or color s , should shed dirt and odors. Although the dogs shed somewhat throughout the year, there is generally one great molt in late winter or early spring and sometimes another, lesser molt in the late summer or early fall. Sterilization of the dog may dramatically affect the coat as to texture, density, and shedding pattern.

Tibetan Mastiffs are shown under one standard in the West, but separated by the Indian breed standard into two varieties: [ citation needed ] Lion Head smaller; exceptionally long hair from forehead to withers, creating a ruff or mane and Tiger Head larger; shorter hair. As a flock guardian dog in Tibet and in the West, it uses all the usual livestock guardian tactics e. As a socialized, more domestic dog, it can thrive in a spacious, fenced yard with a canine companion, but it is generally not an appropriate dog for apartment living.

The Western-bred dogs are generally more easy-going, although somewhat aloof with strangers coming to the home. Through hundreds of years of selective breeding for a protective flock and family guardian, the breed has been prized for being a nocturnal sentry, keeping would-be predators and intruders at bay, barking at sounds throughout the night.

The English Mastiff - A Complete Anthology of the Dog | D&R - Kültür, Sanat ve Eğlence Dünyası

Leaving a Tibetan Mastiff outside all night with neighbors nearby is not recommended. They often sleep during the day, making them more active, alert and aware at night. Like all flock guardian breeds, they are intelligent and stubborn to a fault, so obedience training is recommended although it is only mildly successful with some individuals since this is a strong-willed, powerful breed.

Unless they are to be used exclusively as livestock guardians, socialization obedience training is also critical with this breed because of their reserved nature with strangers and guardian instincts. They can be excellent family dogs depending on the family. Owners must understand canine psychology and be willing and able to assume the primary leadership position. Lack of consistent, rational discipline can result in the creation of dangerous, unpredictable dogs.

The protectiveness of Tibetan Mastiffs requires alertness and planning by the owner in order to avoid mishaps when the dog is simply performing as a guardian. The breed is not recommended for novice dog owners. Many breeders claim a life expectancy of 10—16 years, but these claims are unsubstantiated. Some lines do produce long-lived dogs. Other, more closely inbred lines, produce short-lived, unhealthy dogs. The breed has fewer genetic health problems than many breeds, but cases can be found of hypothyroidism , entropion , ectropion , distichiasis , skin problems including allergies , autoimmune problems including demodex , Addison's disease , Cushing's disease , missing teeth, malocclusion overbite , underbite , dry mouth , cardiac problems, seizures, epilepsy , progressive retinal atrophy PRA , cataracts , and small ear canals with a tendency for infection.

As with most large breeds, some will suffer with elbow or hip dysplasia. Canine inherited demyelinative neuropathy CIDN , an inherited condition, appeared in one of the prominent lines of Tibetan Mastiffs in the early s. Because the mode of inheritance appears to be as a simple recessive, continued inbreeding can still produce affected puppies.

Hypothyroidism is fairly common in Tibetan Mastiffs, as it is in many large "northern" breeds.

They should be tested periodically throughout their lives using a complete thyroid "panel". However, because the standard thyroid levels were established using domestic dog breeds, test results must be considered in the context of what is "normal" for the breed, not what is normal across all breeds.

Sign in. The English Mastiff - A Complete Anthology of the Dog gathers together all the best early writing on the breed from our library of scarce, out-of-print antiquarian books and documents and reprints it in a quality, modern edition. This anthology includes chapters taken from a comprehensive range of books, many of them now rare and much sought-after works, all of them written by renowned breed experts of their day. These books are treasure troves of information about the breed - The physical points, temperaments, and special abilities are given; celebrated dogs are discussed and pictured; and the history of the breed and pedigrees of famous champions are also provided.

The contents were well illustrated with numerous photographs of leading and famous dogs of that era and these are all reproduced to the highest quality. Major Count V. The Game of Golf.

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